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Indian Steel Industry after COVID-19

The COVID-19 crisis has led to worldwide closures and losses. Every industry found itself to be a victim of one of those consequences and steel was no different. However, phased lockdown relaxations around the world have assisted in restarting the industry and help with losses as Indian steel makers are now able to sell back in the domestic market and not rely heavily on exports.


Massive steel plants were one of the few places of work that continued operations through the lockdown stages with minimum capacity, as they were considered a part of essential businesses. As rules are gradually relaxing in both India and the rest of the world, steel plants in some states of India have resumed functions at full capacity. However, profits might be affected as structural changes take place around the globe. With every country (including India) focusing on local production over international trade and shift in political powers, it might still be difficult to expand internationally and achieve pre-COVID profit margins with buyers worldwide. Due to the local economy facing challenges, steel makers (like other businesses) are trying to accelerate functions in the Indian domestic market to boost the economy – an approach that is likely to continue post-COVID.


The steel business thrives heavily on other industries like machinery, mechanics and automative for stronger profits. Owing to the pandemic, these manufacturers have also taken a strong hit. Automative industry was took a tough beating by COVID-19 due to low incomes, job losses and general downfall in movement (that rose because of restrictions and work from home norms).

That said, conditions are uncertain for anyone to predict. A cure for COVID-19 or a rise in continual removal of restrictions, will likely lead to employees returning to their workplaces at larger capacities. This, in turn, would mean people using their private cars again and this time preferring them over public transport due to health risks. A behavioural change like that could allow automative industries to grow globally including in India which would have a directly positive impact on steel trade – both domestically and globally.

While everyone is trying their hands at observing and analysing trends, it is safe to say that initial days of recovery have begun and there is potential for the steel business to rise again at home ground.

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ECT For Bars

Acceptance Criteria

Minimum defect depth and length (FBH)

  • 0.7 mm FBH from 15—60 mm dia
  • 1.2 mm FBH above 60 dia

Minimum defect depth and length (SDH)

  • 0.5 mm x 10 mm {from 15—120 mm dia)
  • 0.3 mm SDH sensitivity can deduced by
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Phased Array Auto Ultrasonic Testing Salient Features

Phased Array Technology

Phased Array testing is a specialized type of ultrasonic testing that uses sophisticated multi- element array transducers and powerful instrumentation/software to steer ultrasonic beams through the test piece and map returning echoes.

No rotating movement, only electronic scanning is done:

  • Depth focalization for bar volume inspection (LW)
  • Electronic steering for bar surface inspection (SW)

Quality Highlights:

Capacity — 15 to 120 mm dia. Full bar volume inspection

Sunflag R&D Lab Is Equipped With Following State Of The Art Equipment

  • Scanning Electron Microscope with Energy Dispersive X—Ray Spectroscope (SEM—EDS) of Make — JOEL
  • Immersion Ultrasonic Testing Facility of Make — Olympus / Blue Star
  • Optical Microscope with Automatic Multiaxis stage Movement and Image Analysis software
  • Micro—hardness tester
  • Ferritometer
  • NABL Certified Testing Lab
  • R & D Centre Recognised DSIR Government of India

Scanning Electron Microscope With Eds

  • Key Function

– Microstructure analysis
– Quantitative 8L qualitative Analysis of Inclusions

  • Failure Analysis
  • Fractography
  • Inclusion with quantitative elemental analysis

Salient Features

Dimension of samples that can be tested :

– Round Bars :

  • Size 15-120 mm die.
  • Length 800mm
  • Round Corner Square Bars:
  • Size 60420 mm

UST Prob: 10 MHz — 6mm As Per Sep 1927